Dov Kam Interview
| Great Fire
Ksiega Adresowa Polski
Jewish Community Officers, 1838
Porozow in Pinkas Hakehillot Polin
of the Porozow Ghetto
Read about Ester-Ruchel
Kaminska (1870-1925), who founded a Yiddish theater dynasty,
and Rabbi Moshe Avigdor Amiel (1883-1946), the Chief Rabbi
of Tel Aviv, by clicking the title above this paragraph.
An article about Porozow appeared in
Volume VIII of the
of Jewish Communities - Poland.
Edited by Shmuel Spector and Bracha Freundlich
and published in 2005, the book
contains articles on many individual
towns. The Porozow entry is
here by permission of Yad
Vashem Publications. The translation
is a joint venture, courtesy of Levi
and Ziva Rosenhand.
Victims of the Porozow
here for a 2007 article by Romuald Sokolovskiy ain
2007 in the Svislochskaya Gazeta, translated by Porozow native Stanislaw Grygorowicz,
whose contributions to this website have been invaluable.
with Rabbi Dov Kam
Dov Kam, a rabbi from Porozow who married the
sister of Rabbi Moshe Avigdor Amiel,
one of Porozow's
was born in 1895. He gave this description of Porozow
in the early 1900s
in an interview. It is included here through the courtesy of his
grandson, Allan J. Kam, and Allan's wife, Dr. Judith Mazza.
Dov Kam described the town as having 550 families, of which
about 150 were Jewish. The gentile families were
mostly Polish (Catholic) and some Russian (Orthodox). Porosovo was given to Poland between the world wars, but
before WWI was part of Russia. He said that the Jews did
not live in a self-enclosed shtetl, but that the
people could mix. The Jews were the shopkeepers, the
artisans and lived in the center of the town where the
businesses were. The gentiles were farmers.
He said that
there were two Russian churches (both rather small and
generally only used on Sundays), and one Catholic church
which was larger and used daily for mass. There were two
synagogues, one heated and the other not. They needed two,
because more people would attend on holidays. On Saturdays,
all 150 families would participate in some type of study
group, "to teach something, to learn something." People
would attend the shul regardless of material wealth.
If there was some demarcation in the Jewish community, it
was based on how learned someone was.
The Jewish boys played among themselves and did not play
with either Jewish girls or the gentiles in the town. It
also sounded like the boys who spent their time studying in
the cheder tended to play together as well.
He also said that the marriages were not arranged without
the consent of the children.
Dov Kam said that he lived in a brick house that had a
living room, two bedrooms and a kitchen...and a
There was also a small garden. The Jews generally dressed in
modern clothing during this period, and wanted to be modern.
They emulated the German Jews, and called the high school
"gymnasia." The gentiles went to the public school which was
open six days a week. The Jews couldn't go to school on
Saturday, so they went to separate schools.
He said the Germans occupied the town in 1916 and
that during the occupation, they paid for the
supplies they needed. When the Russians occupied the town,
they took what they wanted and did not pay for
it. The stores were empty and the people were starving.
Great Fire of Porozow
news item at left reporting
on a disastrous fire in East
Prussia that left 3,000
people homeless and "utterly
destroyed" the town of
Porozow appeared in a
West Australian on 24
May 1899. A small news item
also appeared in the May
21-June 18, 1899 edition of
the American Monthly
Review of Reviews, with
an item that read as
follows: "The town of
Porosow, Poland, is
destroyed by fire, with a
loss of 12 lives."
From the 1929
Directory for Trade,
Industry, Handicrafts and
Porozow. A small town in
Wolkowyski county, the seat
of a peace court under the
aegis of the district court of Grodno,
with 1,793 inhabitants, a
township office and a
Catholic church. Market days
– ordinary Wednesdays. Large
fairs on the tenth of each
month. Manufacturing of
Doctors - Bibrowski, M.
Lawyers - Siewasiewicz
Wholesale Drugs - Blacher,
Pharmacies - Krzywcowa,
Concrete Products - Ances A.
Hats - Polonski, Sz.; Pichsonowicz,
Yeast - Hurkawi, L.
Dyeing Factories - Ferder,
E.; Furmanska, B.
- Bujko, F.; Szyszko, M.
Veterinarians - Garwylow,
Hairdressers - Koladycki, J.; Nosewicz
Accessories - Chazanowicz,
S; Chmielnicki, S.;
Houses - Kulesza, M.
Hotels - Chazanowicz, S.;
Shoemakers - Jolin, I.;
Masons - Szeszel, J.
Colonial Goods (e.g., spices) - Ersztejn, F.; Simanowska,
F.; Szapiro, I; Szuchatowicz, H.
Wheelwrights - Krycki
Cooperatives - Regional Wolkowysk Society
Blacksmiths - Bujko; Cypnik;
Tailors - Ligier, N.;
Poplawski, J.; Wasiukiewicz,
Forestry - Chmielnicki,
- Bartnowska, M.;
Kadlubowski, L.; Kowal , L.;
Mills - Cemach,
Bricklayers - Jaroszewicz, J.; Rzeznicki,
M.; Romanowski, J.
Pressers - Epsztejn, S.;
Bakeries - Rozenszejn, D.; Segel, E.
Rope Makers - Melamet, A.
Leather Goods - Nidzberg,
Butchers - Nowodworski, A.; Walder, A.
Leather - Epsztein, S.;
Alcohol - Astapczyk, A.
- Kolodycka, S.; Lancowicki,
A.; Poczobut, S.; Rabinowicz,
A.; Smazanowicz, F.
Carpenters - Feldman; Romanowski J.; Szyszacki
Fabric Factories - Comach,
Shoe Repair - Bernat,
A.; Bagicki, D.; Porozowski,
Z.; Szoszel, A.; Wiszniowski,
Turners, Locksmiths - Nowosad, A.
Windmills - Glakowski ,A.; Poplawski, F.
Taverns - Alpert, Izrael
Iron Goods - Bartnowski, L.;
Epsztejn. S.; Norozymski, M;
courtesy of Monika Hendry]
From the 1887
Porozow, Porozowo, Porosow.
little town on the River Rosia in Wolkowysk County, about 20
km from Lyskow, 20 from Wolkowysk and 90 from Grodno, by the
road to Pruzany, 300 households (699 men and 755 women)
including 556 Jews (in 1878). Christians are involved mainly
in pottery production, Jews in trade. The town has a Russian
Orthodox church and a Catholic church of Saint Michael. This
brick church was built in 1825 by Parson Michal Grabowiecki,
with support from residents. The previous church of Saint
Peter and Paul, built in 1460 and funded by Jan Jagintowicz
Rywind, was destroyed by fire in 1767 and rebuilt by Count Tyszkiewicz. The current church is rectangular, 53 elbows
long (one elbow = 22.68 inches) and adorned with an iron
cross. The architectural style is simple: it has three
altars, one holds the picture of Saint Antoni Padewski. The
Russian Orthodox parish has 1,963 followers (954 men and
1,008 women) while the Catholic parish has 5,245 followers
and a chapel at the cemetery.
[Translation courtesy of
Officers of the
Porozow Jewish Community, October 1, 1838
[This list was
Herbert J. Maletz, President
Pruzhany Uyzed Research
Moishe Chaimovich, age 46, Rabbi
Mendel Oreliovich, age 35,
Porozovsky, Karpal Berkovich, age 30,
Kaznachei (Maggid, or preacher)
Jankeliovich, Moishe, age 45,
Kahalnyie 1 (Member of the Community)
Abromovich, Chaim, age 35,
Kahalnyie 2 (Member of the Community)
Travicky, Istko Nevachovich, Age 40,
Kahalnyie 3 (Member of the Community)
Prychybylsky, Shimel Oreliovich, Age
27, Kanditatu (Candidate)
[Translation courtesy of
These names appear on an August, 1809 list
of supplementary census data from Porozow
Parish, Wolkowysk District; ages follow the
Lewickij, Iosel Ickowich - 36
Lewickij, Meer Yudelewich - 45
Trawickij , Shimel Tankhemyl - 26
Khinna, Zhena Shimki Osherowicha - 28
Trizwickij, Iosel' Kalmanowich - 26
The list ends with the notation that "All
Jews, without exception, expressed the
desire to be included forever among the
residents of Porozow town."
days, or yarmarka, (ярмарки) in Porozow
and nearby towns were published in
the Pamyatnaya knizhka (Памятная
книжка) or business directory, for Grodno
Gubernia in 1889. Most goods - food,
housewares, clothes, farm animals and the
like - could be purchased at these markets.
Market days for Porozow during that year were May 9, June 13, August
15, September 8, November 1 and December 6.
1915 List of
Owners of Registered Trade/Industrial
Enterprises in Porozow
[This list was
Herbert J. Maletz, President
Pruzhany Uyzed Research
whose website can be found
Alpern, Sroel Benjaminovich –
Malka Movshevna –
– Bazarnaja Square
Begun, Ejdlia Shimeleva – Subbotskaja
Samuil Isakovich –
Lejba Movshev – Novodvorskaja
Drogichinskaja, Leja Jankeleva –
Elin, Girsh Ajzikov – Novodvorskaja
Elin, Liba Jankeleva – Novodvorskaja
Elin, Rasha Shliomova – Ruzhanskaja
Elin, Rokhlia Lejbovna
Elin, Sakhar Girshev – Ruzhanskaja
Elin, Sholom Nokhmanov – Novodvorskaja
Elin, Zejdel Lejbov – Subbotskaja
Elinovich, Shmuel Lejbov – near town
Sokhorova – Novodvorskaja
Sokhar Benjamonov –
Genia-Liba Lejbovna – Novodvorskaja
Movsha Khackelevich – Novodvorskaja
Civa Shajovna – Ruzhanskaja
Khaja-Rejzlia Ickovna – Ruzhanskaja
Golman, Icko Movshov
Kac, Mirsha Ajzikova – Novodvorskaja
Shmuel Joselev – Ruzhanskaja
Leja Senderovna – Ruzhanskaja
Kagan, Lejba Dovidova – Volkovyskaja
Kagan, Liba Noseleva – Bazarnaja
Evel Mendelevich – Svislochskaja
Kam, Khana Mordkhelevna – Volkovyskaja
Kam, Mordkhel Berkovich – Volkovyskaja
Minia Khaimovna – Ruzhanskaja
Nekha Benjaminovna – Bazarnaja
Elka Khaimova – Subbotskaja
Touba-Rokhlia Khackelevna – Ruzhanskaja
Rokhlia Zelikovna – Svislochskaja
Abram Volfovich – Svislochskaja
Borukh Ickov – Volkovyskaja
Liza Ajzikova – Novodvorskaja
Josel Shmuelev – Ruzhanskaja
Jankel-Kodysh Khackelevich – Subbotskaja
Shlioma Azrielevich – Bazarnaja
Fejglia Borukhovna – Bazarnaja Square
Khajka Girsheva – Novodvorskaja
Meer Dovidov – Ruzhanskaja
Mordkhel Meerov – Ruzhanskaja
Abram Zundelevich – Bazarnaja
Basha Abramova – Bazarnaja
Khaim Nokhomovich – Bazarnaja
Sora Benjamonova – Bazarnaja
Cipa Jankelevna Meerovna – Novodvorskaja
Rokhlia Zelikova – Novodvorskaja
Novickij, Girsh Jankelevich –
Vigder Jankelevich – Novodvorskaja
Aron Ickov – Volkovyskaja
Pribulskij, Giler Eliev – Bazarnaja
Sora Berkovna – Ruzhanskaja
Abram Rafailov – Ruzhanskaja
Doba Girshovna – Subbotskaja Street
Sora Nakhmanova – Bazarnaja
Lesha Leja Movsheva – Volkovyskaja
Khava Ickova – Ruzhanskaja
Iser Srolev – Bazarnaja
Basha Zelikovna – Novodvorskaja
Leja Abramovna – Svislochskaja
Shimel Jankelev – Volkovyskaja
Vigdor Shlemov – Bazarnaja
Valder, Aron Mikhel
Zaluckaja, Ester Movsheva –